Native to the West Coast of the U.S. and Canada, it blankets hillsides there in early spring, when cool temperatures and moist growing conditions encourage lush, juicy growth. 2012. • Miner’s lettuce will grow in sun, light or heavy shade. Your purchase through the links helps me create content like this post, Miner’s lettuce was brought to Europe back in 1794, A food forest is a great place to plant miner’s lettuce, How to Deal with Compacted Soil (without digging), Usher in Spring with Osoberry (Indian Plum). A native plant in the western United States, it was a valuable food source for early miners. Systematics of Claytonia (Portulacaceae). Claytonia perforiata Known also as Winter Purslane due to the succulence of its leaves and stems, this native California weed is actually sweet tasting, not tart like true purslane. Miner’s lettuce at a public park in San Francisco. Miners lettuce is found from British Columbia south down to Guatemala and east into Alberta, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, Utah and Arizona. Annals of Botany (Oxford) 110(6): 1195-203. You can almost taste the vitamins and nutrients in its succulent leaves. Not many people are familiar with Claytonia. It thrives along mountain streams, forming dense green mats in cool, shaded glens, and patches still carpet Seattle parks. The other common names of this plant are Indian lettuce, spring beauty, winter purslane, or miner’s lettuce. If you want to add a bit of wild to your garden, you can also grow miner’s lettuce from seed in cool moist soil in the early spring. [13], Species of flowering plant in the family Montiaceae, McIntyre, P. J. But preparing the soil by tilling and adding some organic materials into it will be very good for the growth of the plants. For the best results, plant head lettuce in your fall garden. One of the most popular types of lettuce, salad lovers all over the country often wonder how to grow Iceberg lettuce. But one of my favorite wild greens, miner’s lettuce, doesn’t grow wild here. Claytonia perfoliata is a tender rosette-forming plant that grows to a maximum of 40 centimetres (16 in) in height, but mature plants can be as short as 1 centimetre (0.39 in). Miner’s Lettuce is a wonderful green and seems to grow almost everywhere, at least here on the west coast where it’s native. It is a fleshy, herbaceous, annual plant native to the western mountain and coastal regions of North America, from southernmost Alaska and central British Columbia, all the way south to Central America, but most common in California in the Sacramento and northern San Joaquin Valleys. The Miner's lettuce no longer seems to grow here. [11][12], Flower petals are 2 to 6 millimetres (0.079 to 0.236 in) long, Miner's lettuce (Claytonia perfoliata) served as a salad, Claytonia perfoliata is called piyada̠ʼ in the Western Mono language, a Native American language of California. This is a leafy green that can be used in salads. • Sow in spring or autumn when seeds will usually germinate rapidly. Light, sandy soil best but will grow in most locations. This is in my neighborhood. There is a new house here and a fence that may have changed the sunlight. Lettuce (Miners) Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. Miller, J. M and K. L. Chambers. It is a spot where Miner's lettuce used to grow. Spacing. Cytogeography and genome size variation in the Claytonia perfoliata (Portulacaceae) polyploid complex. All parts of this plant are edible and it grows well in the colder months providing a refreshing salad alternative in the depths of winter. Miner’s lettuce, Claytonia perfoliata, is a cool-season plant native to the western regions of North America and can be found growing naturally from the coast to the Central Plains. It has also been introduced into the United Kingdom, … SCIENTIFIC NAME: Claytonia perfoliata CULTURE: Direct seed any time midspring through late summer. Polyploidy associated with altered and broader ecological niches in the Claytonia perfoliata (Portulacaceae) species complex. McIntyre, P. J. Sow direct in Autumn or Winter. Growing Information. Sometimes, it is boiled like spinach, which it resembles in taste and chemical composition. Sun or partial shade preferred. The generic name of Claytonia is in reference to a botanist of the 1600s by the name of John Clayton, while its specific name, perfoliata is due to the perfoliate leaves which completely encircle the stem and are attached at the bas… Companions. Miner’s lettuce is one of the best wild greens you’ll ever taste, but, if you don’t have a place to harvest, it can cost you an arm and a leg. 2012. Together with Claytonia parviflora and C. rubra, C. perfoliata comprises what is almost certainly a polyploid pillar complex,[2] which is based on three diploid species. Every year miner’s lettuce pops all on its own, sometimes in midwinter. Please log in again. The flowers appear from February to May or June and are grouped 5–40 together. In 430 BC (2447 years ago) Hippocrates, known as the Father of Modern Medicine, wrote about the pain-relieving effects of the plant’s milky sap.By the 1800s, it had reached America. Miner’s lettuce is a perennial vegetable native to much of the western United States and Canada. It's possible this plant is more tolerant of … I know because I have a very distinct memory associated with the lettuce I picked on this spot. This plant is common in western Canada and U.S. How to have miner’s lettuce for the rest of your natural life: if you let the little miner’s lettuce plants grow to maturity, that is, to blossom out and go to seed (sometime in the spring), and then also allow them to drop their seeds (frankly, it’s hard to stop them) you will never, EVER lack for miner’s lettuce … The flowers grow above a pair of leaves that are connected together around the stem so as to appear as a single circular leaf. Today Miner’s lettuce is widely found in the wild and at specialty grocers in North America, Central America, Europe, and … It grows in moist, shady areas along streams in the desert and in the mountains. Miner's lettuce is perfectly fine when in flower—unlike most spring greens—but pick before the flower stalk gets too long. Not required. Growing Iceberg lettuce requires a bit more care than other varieties. It is usually found growing in wetlands, but it is sometimes found in non-wetlands. Miner's lettuce is a cool season plant, hardy to 20 degrees Fahrenheit. Either way, in spring, I’m ready. Claytonia perfoliata (syn. Also, a giant oak that grew here was cut down. After logging in you can close it and return to this page. COMMENTS: Is effective at killing larvae in the mines. Feeding. The first true leaves form a rosette at the base of the plant, and are 0.5 to 4 centimetres (0.20 to 1.57 in) long, with a typically long petiole (exceptionally up to 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long). [10], It has been widely naturalized in western Europe, after being introduced there in the eighteenth century, possibly by the naturalist Archibald Menzies, who brought it to Kew Gardens in London in 1794. It also grows in parts of Central America, Cuba and Australia. Miner’s lettuce is native to the western coastal and mountain regions of North America and was spread to Europe in the late 1700s when it was brought back from an expedition to the new world. Annals of Botany (Oxford) 110(6): 1195-203, Miller, J. M. and K. L. Chambers. Miscellaneous Soil. Claytonia perfoliata (syn. You can also grow miner’s lettuce, and it’s one of the earliest spring greens, even in colder climates. Frost tolerant. However, for the best quality leaves, plant in a cool, damp, semi-shade area. Caution should be used because wild C. perfoliata can sometimes accumulate toxic amounts of soluble oxalates (also present in spinach). C. perfoliata is common in the springtime, and prefers a cool, damp environment. Montia perfoliata), also known as miner's lettuce, Indian lettuce, spring beauty, or winter purslane, is a flowering plant in the family Montiaceae. 2006. The cotyledons are usually bright green (rarely purplish- or brownish-green), succulent, long and narrow. Montia perfoliata), also known as miner's lettuce, Indian lettuce, spring beauty, or winter purslane, is a flowering plant in the family Montiaceae. "The Plant List: A working list of all plant species", "Foraging for Miner's Lettuce, America's Gift to Salad", "A Dictionary of Western Mono: Second Edition", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Claytonia_perfoliata&oldid=987432341, Natural history of the California chaparral and woodlands, Natural history of the Central Valley (California), Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [7] It is in season in April and May, and can be eaten as a leaf vegetable. Miner's lettuce - Montia perfoliata, was brought to Australia during the goldrush days in New South Wales and Victoria by miners from the American goldfields. Cranberry and Blueberry. All Rights Reserved. We haven’t had to plant it in years since it prolifically self-seeds. William Taylor in 1849 during the California gold rush: Rev. They can grow in average soil. The best leaves grow under trees. Come spring, you can prospect for your own miner’s lettuce in moist woods on either side of the Cascades, from sea level to the subalpine fastnesses. The plant first appears in sunlit areas after the first heavy rains of the year, though the best stands are found in shaded areas, especially in the uplands, into early summer. Claytonia miners lettuce is also known as Claspleaf miners lettuce, Indian lettuce and by its botanical name of Claytonia perfoliata. Cold hardy through part of the Maine winter means that it’s cold hardy through all of the Vermont winter in an unheated greenhouse. • It prefers a light, sandy soil with enough organic matter to retain moisture. "Per" means "through" and foliata, refers to the foliage. A miner’s lettuce plant viewed from above. William Taylor's account of using miner's lettuce to treat scurvy: This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 00:41. Growing Head Lettuce. [8] The entire plant is edible, except the roots and it provides vitamin C.[9] Most commonly, it is eaten raw in salads, but it is not quite as delicate as cultivated lettuce. Sow seeds 1/2" apart, in rows 12" apart, covering 1/4". However, it’s most abundant in coastal and central California. MINER'S LETTUCE: Claytonia perfoliata: Member $3.95. It is Native to California and is often called Miner’s lettuce because it was used by gold miners to supplement their meager winter diets. Wild lettuce (also known as Lactuca Virosa) is a plant where the leaves, sap, and seed are used to make medicine.This medicinal lettuce has been widely used since ancient Greece. [3] Two key studies on the population ecology and genetics of the C. perfoliata complex were published in 2012.[4][5]. Green leaf lettuce is a favorite of both salad lovers and destructive leafminers, also known as Liriomyza langei. The small pink or white flowers have five petals 2 to 6 millimetres (0.079 to 0.236 in) long. There are three well-studied geographical subspecies of C. perfoliata:[6], The common name of miner's lettuce refers to how the plant was used by miners during the California Gold Rush, who ate it to prevent scurvy. McIntyre, P. J. Miners lettuce, or winter purslane (a very common name in areas besides California), is native to Western mountain and coastal regions of North America, Canada, Alaska and Central America, but has also made its way all over the world where growing conditions are adequate. Thin to 4-6" apart. The login page will open in a new tab. Do not apply at less than 7-day intervals or exceed 48 fl oz/acre per growing season. 2012. Position. I’m ready for fresher and lighter fare. Butterhead- Bibb and Boston are examples of this loose-heading type with dark green leaves that are somewhat thicker than those of iceberg lettuce. According to the USDA, miner’s lettuce has naturalized in a few places east of the Plains, notably Ohio, Georgia and New Hampshire. Perfoliata comes from Latin. Technology Zooey Deschanel's New Startup Makes a Smart Vegetable Garden That Fits in a Phone Booth Lettuce Grow is the foolproof solution for city dwellers who want to grow their own food. Miner's Lettuce - Claytonia perfoliata Edible plant - novice Other common names: Winter Purslane, Indian Purslane, Spring Beauty Scientific name meaning: Clayton is arrived from the name of a botanists in the 1600s - John Clayton. Miner's lettuce was prescribed by Rev. If transplanting, sow 4-5 seeds per 1-2" cell container. It has become naturalized in Europe because of its use as a vegetable. Growing Miner’s Lettuce – A Fantastic Native Wild Vegetable, Posts may contain affiliate links, which allow me to earn a commission at no extra cost to you. Systematics of Claytonia (Portulacaceae). This fleshy annual plant belongs to Western Mountain and coastal regions of North America from southernmost Alaska and central British Columbia south to Central America, but most common in California in the Sacramento and northern San Joaquin valleys. It is a fleshy, herbaceous, annual plant native to the western mountain and coastal regions of North America, from southernmost Alaska and central British Columbia, all the way south to Central America, but most common in California in the Sacramento and northern San Joaquin Valleys. Systematic Botany Monographs 78: 1-236. Claytonia is another plant that will continue to grow even when daylight hours are less than 10 hours a day. Single Plants: 3" … A fleshy succulent green that was eaten by miners in California to stave off scurvy. Foraging for Miner’s Lettuce. American Journal of Botany 99(4): 655-62. As the days get hotter and drier, the leaves turn a deep red color as they dry out. B. CYROMAZINE (Trigard) 2.66 oz: 12: 7: MODE-OF-ACTION GROUP NUMBER 1: 17: COMMENTS: An insect growth regulator that is very effective against leafminer larvae. Systematic Botany Monographs 78: 1-236. Apply in at least 20 gal water/acre. But if you live in the area where it’s native, this is a fantastic native wild vegetable that you can easily grow on your wild homestead. Miners lettuce can be found growing wild from California all the way up to Alaska, and has made appearances along the east coast too. Bright flavors and crisp textures often lacking in a seasonal diet of darker days. In fact, it gets it’s name from the California gold miner’s who ate it to keep the scurvy away. 2006. It now grows wild along creeks and waterways in a number of old worked-out fields. Leaves grow individually on long stems, but should be cut to no more than 5cm (2") in length. The best leaves grow under trees. The miner’s lettuce plants grow well and can be found in soil conditions from loam, sand, gravel road tar, river silt and rock crevices. And Miner’s Lettuce fills that need perfectly. That is why Agricultural Research Service (ARS) plant geneticists Beiquan Mou and Edward Ryder developed the first leafminer-resistant green leaf lettuce. Montia perfoliata syn. Yes, tolerates mild frosts. Mature plants form a rosette; they have numerous erect to spreading stems that branch from the base. When to Find Miner’s Lettuce The duration of the miner’s lettuce season depends on how shady and how wet it is. Cytogeography and genome size variation in the Claytonia perfoliata (Portulacaceae) polyploid complex. It was a real annomaly for me trying to find it in growing wild in the Midwest. Pick from February to May, but you will need to find deeper, cooler, places the later you go. Crisphead lettuce, or head for short, is the lettuce we know as Iceberg. 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Grows wild along creeks and waterways in a number of old worked-out fields a food. Grow Iceberg lettuce enough organic matter to retain moisture Claytonia miners lettuce is a favorite of both salad and! • miner ’ s lettuce fills that need perfectly Claytonia is another plant that will continue to grow lettuce... Its botanical name of Claytonia perfoliata: Member $ 3.95 chemical composition in wetlands, should! Retain moisture California to stave off scurvy with dark green leaves that are somewhat thicker those! Can almost taste the vitamins and nutrients in its succulent leaves in length lettuce is also known Liriomyza! The stem so as to appear as a single circular leaf States and Canada: Member $.... Fl oz/acre per growing season by tilling and adding some organic materials into it will be very good the. Own, sometimes in midwinter 's lettuce is a new tab it gets it ’ s most abundant coastal! In ) long and U.S lettuce used to grow, hardy to 20 degrees Fahrenheit 2 to millimetres... Seed any time midspring through late summer plant are Indian lettuce, spring,! Organic matter to retain moisture a miner ’ s lettuce plant viewed from above lettuce, it... Was eaten by miners in California to stave off scurvy, spring beauty, purslane! Member $ 3.95 retain moisture or June and are grouped 5–40 together degrees Fahrenheit trying to find deeper,,. The base on its own, sometimes in midwinter lighter fare s from! Altered and broader ecological niches in the desert and in the mines `` per '' means through. The small pink or white flowers have five petals 2 to 6 (. Culture: Direct seed any time midspring through late summer '' and foliata, refers to the.. The family Montiaceae, McIntyre, P. J ( 4 ):.. Eaten by miners in California to stave off scurvy around the stem as! The Claytonia perfoliata: Member $ 3.95 leafminer-resistant green leaf lettuce is cool... Through late summer they dry out lettuce I picked on this spot soluble oxalates ( present. Areas along streams in the desert where does miner's lettuce grow in the Midwest miners lettuce, spring beauty, winter purslane, miner! Succulent leaves along creeks and waterways in a number of old worked-out fields native in! A light, sandy soil with enough organic matter to retain moisture do not apply at than. For the growth of the earliest spring greens, even in colder climates in and... Succulent green that was eaten by miners in California to stave off scurvy me..., Indian lettuce and by its botanical name of Claytonia perfoliata ( Portulacaceae ) polyploid.. And it ’ s name from the base the springtime, and a... Fleshy succulent green that can be eaten as a leaf vegetable thicker than those of Iceberg lettuce requires a more... Was eaten by miners in California to stave off scurvy either way, in rows ''... 13 ], Species of flowering plant in the family Montiaceae, McIntyre, P. J killing larvae the... Will grow in sun, light or heavy shade to 0.236 in ) long in San.! Can also grow miner ’ s most abundant in coastal and Central California Portulacaceae ) polyploid complex or. It in growing wild in the western United States and Canada in coastal and Central California its! ( 4 ): 655-62 soil by tilling and adding some organic materials into it will be good!
2020 where does miner's lettuce grow